Another Civil War Monument Talk in Shelton


On Tuesday, January 14, I’ll be speaking at the Housatonic Civil War Roundtable meeting and sharing a talk titled “Design Trends in Connecticut’s Civil War Monuments.”

The talk will review how the appearance of the state’s Civil War monuments evolved after the war’s end, some of the reasons the Civil War was the first U.S. conflict to receive public monumentation, and the contributions of the state’s leading monument designers and dealers.

We’ll also debut the new second edition of our book, Civil War Monuments of Connecticut (which makes an awesome Valentine’s Day, St. Patrick’s Day, or Easter gift).

The talk starts at 7:00 at the Huntington Branch Library, 41 Church Street, Shelton, CT.

 

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Veterans Memorial, Avon

Veterans Memorial, AvonA red granite memorial with several panels honors Avon’s war heroes and veterans.

The central panel of the monument, at the intersection of West Main Street (Routes 44 and 202) and Ensign Drive, honors Avon residents who died during service in the country’s wars. The panel lists one veteran who died during the Mexican War; 25 during the Civil War; 13 from World War II; and two from Vietnam.

Veterans Memorial, AvonThe memorial’s other six panels list veterans of the wars between the Mexican War and the first Persian Gulf War in the early 1990s.

The monument also features a granite podium inscribed with “Dedicated to veterans of all wars,” the name of the local VFW post, and the monument’s dedication dates in 1986 and 1996.

Veterans Memorial, Avon

 

 

 

 

 

Veterans Memorial, Avon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Winsted Monument Repairs Delayed by Alleged Embezelment

Winchester Soldiers MonumentThe CT Post reports planned renovations to the magnificent Winchester Soldiers Monument in Winsted are on hold because $100,000 in a dedicated fund appear to have been stolen by a former finance director accused of stealing at least $2 million from the town.

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1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery Band, 1865

1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery Band, 1865

1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery Band, 1865

The First Connecticut Heavy Artillery band at Fort Darling, Drewry’s Bluff, Virginia, in April of 1965.

The full-resolution image is available at the Library of Congress.

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29th Connecticut Infantry Regiment, 1864

29th Connecticut Infantry Regiment, 1864

29th Connecticut Infantry Regiment, 1864

The 29th Regiment, comprised primarily of African American volunteers, is pictured in Beaufort, South Carolina, in 1864.

The regiment is also honored with monuments in New Haven and Danbury.

The original image is available at the Library of Congress.

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First Connecticut Battery, May 2, 1863

First Connecticut Battery

First Connecticut Battery

Near Fredericksburg, Virginia, during the Battle of Chancellorsville.

The full image, in a variety of resolutions, can be viewed at the Library of Congress.

 

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First Regiment Connecticut Heavy Artillery, 1862

First Regiment Connecticut Heavy Artillery

First Regiment Connecticut Heavy Artillery

This undated image detail shows the First Regiment Connecticut Heavy Artillery, at Fort Richardson in Arlington, Virginia.

The First Heavy Artillery was formed in the spring of 1861 as the Fourth Volunteer Infantry. In January, 1862, the regiment was converted into a heavy artillery unit.

At Fort Richardson, the regiment participated in the defense of Washington, D.C.

When the Peninsula Campaign began in March of 1862, the First CT was deployed and participated in several engagements. The regiment returned to the defense of Washington and later was involved in fighting near Fort Fisher, N.C., as well as the sieges of Petersburg and Richmond.

The unit mustered out in September, 1865, after more than four years of service.

The full image, in a variety of resolutions, can be viewed at the Library of Congress.

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Third Connecticut Volunteer Infantry, 1861

Third Connecticut Volunteer Infantry, 1861

Third Connecticut Volunteer Infantry, 1861

In honor of Veterans’ Day, we’re going to run images of selected Connecticut Civil regiments from the Library of Congress this week.

Our first image (which you can click to enlarge) depicts the Third Connecticut Regiment Infantry, which served for three months at the beginning of the Civil War.

(Based on early (and overly optimistic) expectations that the Confederacy would be defeated quickly, members of early regiments enlisted for only 90 days.)

In a detail section from a larger image, one of the regiment’s companies is pictured during their training at Camp Douglass in Chicago. (The facility was initially used as a training ground, and became a Confederate prison camp in 1862.)

The regiment left Hartford in May of 1861, and participated in the first Battle of Bull Run in July. The unit mustered out in Hartford in mid-August.

Among the regiment’s officers was Douglas Fowler, a Guilford native and Norwalk locksmith who would later re-enlist in the 8th volunteer infantry regiment, and muster out in February 1862, and then he joined the 17th volunteer infantry regiment. Fowler was commanding the 17th when he was killed in Gettysburg during the battle’s first day.

The full image, in a variety of resolutions, can be viewed at the Library of Congress site.

 

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Colonel Thomas Knowlton Monument, Hartford

Colonel Thomas Knowlton Monument, HartfordConnecticut honors American Revolution hero Thomas Knowlton  with a statue on the grounds of the state capitol.

The statue, near the corner of Trinity Street and Capitol Avenue, honors Knowlton, a Massachusetts native whose family moved to Ashford, Connecticut, when he was a child.

Colonel Thomas Knowlton Monument, HartfordAt the age of 15, Knowlton fought in the French and Indian War. During the Revolution, he led Connecticut troops during the Battle of Bunker Hill and was killed during the Battle of Harlem Heights.

Knowlton led a group of scouts that gathered valuable intelligence before the battle. His troops included Nathan Hale, who was captured and executed by British forces after volunteering to serve as a spy.

Colonel Thomas Knowlton Monument, HartfordThe statue, dedicated in 1895, depicts Knowlton with a drawn sword. A dedication on the east side of the monument’s base reads, “In memory of Colonel Thomas Knowlton of Ashford Conn. who as a boy served in several campaigns in the French and Indian Wars, shared in the siege and capture of Havana in 1762, was in immediate command of Connecticut troops at the Battle of Bunker Hill, was with his commands closely attached to the person of Washington, and was killed at the Battle of Harlem Heights, September 16, 1776, at the age of thirty-six.”

Colonel Thomas Knowlton Monument, HartfordThe statue was created by Enoch Smith Woods, whose other works include a Hale statue at the Wadsworth Atheneum, a bust of Hale in East Haddam, and a Hartford plaque honoring anesthesia pioneer Horace Wells.

 

Colonel Thomas Knowlton Monument, Hartford

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Lafayette Statue, Hartford

Lafayette Statue, HartfordA French nobleman who played key roles in supporting the Continental Army during the American Revolution is honored with a statue in Hartford.

The Marquis de Lafayette memorial, at the corner of Capitol Avenue and Lafayette Street, stands on a traffic island across from the State Capitol building.

Lafayette Statue, HartfordThe statue, dedicated in 1932, depicts Lafayette, on horseback with an uplifted sword, leading troops into battle.

A plaque added to the east side of the monument’s base in 1957 bears Lafayette’s birth and death dates, and an inscription describing him as “A true friend of liberty, who served as a major general in the Continental Army with ‘all possible zeal, without any special pay or allowances’ until the American colonists secured their freedom, and whose frequent visits to this state as aide to Washington as liaison officer with supporting French troops, and in the pursuit of freedom, are gratefully remembered.”

Lafayette Statue, HartfordLafayette came to America as a 19-year-old in late 1776, and served alongside Washington. During the war, he returned to France and helped secure that nation’s military and political support of the revolution.

Lafayette was imprisoned during the French Revolution, and after his release, returned to the United States in 1824-25 for a 24-state tour that included stops in New Haven, Tolland and Middletown, CT. During the tour, Lafayette laid the cornerstone for the Bunker Hill monument in Massachusetts.

Lafayette Statue, HartfordThe statue, by sculptor Paul Wayland Bartlett, is a copy of a 1907 statue in Paris. The statue originally stood across Capitol Avenue, but was moved in 1979 to improve traffic patterns in the area. (The postcard image at the bottom of this post shows the statue in its original location.)

A small turtle stands near the horse’s left hoof. Various theories suggest the turtle may be a coded complaint about the pace of payment to Bartlett, or a secret apology for the pace of the statue’s completion.

Lafayette Statue, Hartford

 

 

 

 

 

Lafayette Statue, Hartford

 

 

 

 

 

Lafayette Statue, Hartford

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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